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Muay Thai Rules & Regulations.

Rule 1 :: The Ring and Stage.

In general competitions, the ring and stage are as follows:

1.1 The ring is a place constructed for boxing sport competitions. It must be constructed strongly, safely at a level without any obstructions and the ring floor must stretch out beyond ring ropes at least 90 centimeters.

1.2 The ring floor must be high up from the ground at least 1.20 meters, but not higher than 1.50 meters. In each of the four ring corners, one ring post of 10 – 12.5 centimeters in diameters in erected high up from the ground not higher than 2.70 meters. The ring floor must be covered with soft materials, such as rubber, soft cloth pieces, sponge, or similar materials for the thickness of 2.50 centimeters to 3.75 centimeters, with a top-up of canvas cover tightly and smoothly secured all over to the whole ring area.

1.3 The ring construction is to position the red corner on the left hand side of Chairman of the ring officials’ table, the blue corner opposite to the red corner and the other two are neutral corners.

1.4 There are 4 surrounding ring ropes of 3 – 5 centimeters in diameter, padded with smooth and soft materials, attached tightly to the four corner posts. The ropes are attached high up from the ring floor 45 centimeters, 75 centimeters, 1.05 meters and 1.35 meters, respectively as measured to the rope’s top. The ropes of each side must be held by two strong pieces of cloth 3 – 4 centimeters wide with an equal space from each other. These pieces of cloth must be tightly tied to hold the ropes. All four corners must be padded with cushions or other materials in good conditions to protect the boxers from harms. There must be a ladder at the red corner and another one at the blue corner for the boxers, the seconds, the referee, and the ring doctor to step up into the ring for duties.

1.5 Two plastic boxes or of other materials are provided in both neutral corners, one box each (outside the ring) for the referee to dispose cotton or left materials.

1.6 The stage is a port of the ring. It is a square of 6.10 x 6.10 meters for a small size and 7.30 x 7.30 meters for a large one, measured from the inner edge of the ring ropes.

Rule 2 :: Ring Equipment for Competitions.

2.1 Two chairs (stools) for boxers.

2.2 A mop to wipe the ring floor and two foot-towels.

2.3 Two small bottles for drinking water and two water spraying bottles.

2.4 Two towels.

2.5 Two buckets of water.

2.6 Tables and chairs for officials.

2.7 A bell.

2.8 One or two stopwatches.

2.9 Score cards.

2.10 A locked box for score cards.

2.11 A set of round, boxing time, and bout marker.

2.12 Two pairs of boxing gloves

2.13 Two boxer’s shorts, red and blue each.

2.14 Two protective cups or protective coverings for the boxers’ genital organs.

2.15 Two screens to use in case the protective cup or the genital covering gets loose or the boxers’ shorts are improperly dressed.

2.16 A stretcher.

2.17 A pair of safety scissors.

2.18 Other instruments essential for the competitions, e.g. and amplifier and a microphone, etc.

Rule 3 :: Gloves.

3.1 The gloves used in the competitions must have the leather portion not heavier than one-half (1/2) of the glove’s total weight and the glove’s inner pads must weigh at least one-half (1/2) of the glove’s total weight. It is not permitted to change the shape of the glove’s inner pads or to rub the glove’s inner pads in order for spreading them from the original shape.

3.2 In competitions, the boxers must use only the gloves certified by Board of Boxing Sport in accordance with the regulations and provided by the boxing stadium manager or the promoter.

3.3 The glove sizes for competitions are as follows: 3.3.1 The boxers between the Mini Flyweight division and the Featherweight division must use the gloves of six (6) ounces (132grams).
3.3.2 The boxers between the Super Featherwight division and the Welterweight division must use the gloves of eight (8) ounces (277 grams).
3.3.3 The boxers between the Super Welterweight division and over divisions must use the gloves of eight (10) ounces (284 grams).

3.4 The glove laces must be tied with knots behind the wrists. Glove wearing must be inspected and stamped by the authorized glove inspector who must observe and control glove wearing to insure that the boxers do it accordingly to rules until the boxers step into the rin

Rule 4 :: Hand Bandages.

4.1 In competitions, the boxers must wrap their hands with soft hand bandages not longer than six (6) meters and not wider than five (5) centimeters for each hand.

4.2 In competitions, the boxers may use plaster or rubber-glue tapes, but not longer than two and a half (2 ?) meters and two and a half (2 ?) centimeters wide for each hand to top-up on the wrist or back of the hand. It is absolutely forbidden to top – up on the knuckles.

4.3 In competitions, the boxers must use only the bandages provided by the boxing stadium manager or the promoter, it is absolutely prohibited to use otherwise provided hand bandages.

4.4 Hand wrapping must be inspected and stamped by an official to certify its rule accordance before the boxers are allowed to put on gloves.

Rule 5 :: Uniforms.

5.1 The boxer’s dresses.

5.1.1 Boxer must wear shorts neatly at half-thigh length, without shirts and shorts..
5.1.2 The boxer must wear a protective cup or a protective covering for the genital organs, made of strong material capable to protect them from knee blows or other kinds of blows. The protective cup is strung and tied with a fast knot behind the back and neatly covered ends.
5.1.3 A boxer shall not wear hanging long, uncombed hair. Long hair should be tied back..
5.1.4 Boxers shall wear a sacred headband only when they pay homage before the bout. However, during the bout, the boxers may wear an inscribed cloth, ad amulet, or an inscribed charm around the upper am or strung around the waist, but neatly wrapped and covered with cloth to prevent harms.
5.1.5 Boxers may put on ankle supporters, one for each ankle, but not to become the shin supporter, or to roll half way down. Wrapping the ankles and legs with pieces of cloth is not permitted.
5.1.6 Boxers shall not wear belts or dangerous ornaments.
5.1.7 It is not permitted to apply Vaseline, rubbing oil (balm), fat, or herbal ointment on the boxer’s body or gloves.

5.2 Dressing Violations.
In case the boxer’s uniforms are not clean or not in accordance with Rule 5.1, the referee has authority to order the offended boxer to correct all faults before the bout. During the bout, if the boxer’s Gloves or dresses are improperly displaced; the referee will stop the action to correct the faults.

Rule 6 :: Weight Divisions and Weigh-in.

6.1 Divisions and weight limits for competitions.

Divisions Weight limits
6.1.1 Mini Flyweight From 100 pounds(45.454 kg.), but notover 105 pounds(47.727 kg.)
6.1.2 Light Flyweight Must be over 105 pounds (47.272 kg.), but not over 108 pounds (48.988 kg.)
6.1.3 Flyweight Must be over 108 pounds (48.988 kg.), But not over 112 pounds (50.802kg.)
6.1.4 Super Flyweight Must be over 112 pounds (50.802 kg.), but not over 115 pounds (52.163 kg.)
6.1.5 Bantamweight Must be over 115 pounds (52.273kg.), But not over 118 pounds (53.524kg.)
6.1.6 Super Bantamweight Must be over 118 pounds (53.524 kg.), but not over 122 pounds (55.338 kg)
6.1.7 Featherweight Must be over 122 pounds (55.338kg), but not over 126 pounds (57.153kg.)
6.1.8 Super Featherweight Must be over 126 pounds (57.153kg.), but not over 130 pounds (58.967 kg.)
6.1.9 Lightweight Must be over 130 pounds (58.967 kg.), but not over 135 pounds (61.235kg.)
6.1.10 Super Lightweight Must be over 135 pounds (61.235kg.), but not over 140 pounds (63.503 kg.)
6.1.11 Welterweight Must be over 140 pounds(63.503kg.), but not over 147 pounds (66.678kg.)
6.1.12 Super Welterweight Must be over 147 pounds (66.678kg.), but not over than 154 pounds (69.853kg.)
6.1.13 Middleweight Must be over 154 pounds (69.853kg.), but not over than 160 pounds (71.575kg.)
6.1.14 super Middleweight Must be over 160 pounds (71.575kg.), but not over than 168pounds(76.204kg)
6.1.15 Light Heavyweight Must be over 168 pounds (76.364kg.), but not over 175 pounds (79.379kg.)
6.1.16 Cruiserweight Must be over 175 pounds (79.379kg.), but not over than 190 pounds (86.183kg.)
6.1.17 Super Cruiserweight Must be over 190-210 pounds (40.909 - 95.455 kg.)
6.1.18 Heavyweight Must be over 210 -230 pounds (95.455 - 104.545 kg.) and up.
6.1.18 Super Heavyweight Super Heavyweight over 230 pounds ( 104.545 kg.) and up.

6.2 Weigh-in
6.2.1 The boxers must weigh-in 24 hours before the scheduled time of the fight contest. The boxing stadium manager may change the above time table if reasonable.
6.2.2 Before weigh-in, the boxers must have their physical examination checked by the doctor to certify that they are physically fit and healthy.
6.2.3 The boxer’s boxing camp chief, the manager, or his representative may witness the weigh-in.

6.3 Weight Regulations
6.3.1 A boxer must weight at least 100 pounds and over. must compete within five (5) pounds different weights.
6.3.2 The boxers must have at least three (3) hours to rest after the weigh-in to be able to compete.

Rule 7 :: Rituals and Customs.

7.1 Before the bout every boxer must pay homage in accordance with arts and custom, accompanying by musical instruments of a Javanese oboe, a Javanese tom-tom (drum), and a pair of small cup-shaped cymbals for rhythms. The bout will start after the music begins..

7.2 Rounds for competitions: A bout consists of five (5) rounds of three (3) minutes each with two (2) minutes resting interval of rounds. The time stopped for the bout interruptions in warning, cautioning, correcting the boxer's dresses, or other causes, is excluded from the fighting timeof that round.

Rule 8 :: The Boxer’s Qualification and Prohibitions.

8.1 The minimum full age is 15 years old.
8.2 The minimum weight is 100 pounds.
8.3 Having no forbidden sickness as specified in the doctor’s handbook.

Rule 9 :: Seconds.

In general competitions, a boxer may have two (2) seconds. The referee must be informed about the chief second and his assistant before the bout. However, for the championship bout, a boxer may have three (3) seconds, but only two (2) seconds are allowed into the ring during a round interval.

The Second’s Duties:
9.1 The seconds shall not give any advice or encourage their boxers during the bout. If they violate the rule, the referee will warn, caution, or discharge them from their duties.

9.2 During the bout, the seconds must stay on their seats. Before each round, they must clear towels, water bottles, and other materials from the ring edge.

9.3 During a round interval, the seconds must check the boxer’s dresses in readiness for the bout. If there is any problem, the second must notify the referee immediately to solve it.

9.4 When applying water for boxers, the seconds shall not wet the ring floor. They must also towel the boxers.

9.5 The seconds shall not use rude words and they shall not hurt the boxers during the bout or after.

9.6 The seconds must wear uniform shirts or their boxing camp symbols which are nice in nature.

9.7 The seconds may arrange their own materials, equipment, and medical supplies at their corners as follows:
9.7.1 Water
9.7.2 Ice
9.7.3 Towels
9.7.4 Adrenaline of 1/1000 solution or other substances as approved by ring doctor.
9.7.5 Gauze
9.7.6 Cotton buds
9.7.7 A pair of safety scissors
9.7.8 Wound Bandages
9.7.9 Absorbent cotton bandages or wound soft bandages.

9.8 The boxer’s chief second may give up for his boxer by stepping into the ring. He is not allowed to throw a sponge or a towel into the ring.

Rule 10 :: Referees.

The referees must wear blue or black trousers, blue or soft color shirts or pullovers with Board of Boxing Sport’s emblem or own stadium’s emblems on the left chest pocket high and light boots. They shall not wear eyeglasses or metal ornaments. Their fingernails must be closely and neatly cut.

10.1 The Referee’s duties:

10.1.1 The referee’s priority of duties is to safeguard and protect the weaker boxer from undue injuries.
10.1.2 The referee must always uphold rules and justice.
10.1.3 The referee must closely control the bout at all times.
10.1.4 The referee must inspect the boxer’s gloves, dresses, and gum shields.
10.1.5 The referee must use three commands as follows;
“????” (YUD): To order the boxers to stop.
“???” (YAK): To order the boxers to separate from each other.
After the“???” command, both boxers must step back at least on
step before engaging the fight again.
“??” (CHOK): To order the boxers to fight.
10.1.6 The referee shall show a correct signal to tell the offended boxer’s fault.
10.1.7 When the referee disqualifies a boxer because of a serious rule violation or he stops the bout, he must notify the Chairman of the ring officials for his reasons after the announcement to spectators.
10.1.8 The referee shall not allow a boxer who intentionally violates rules to gain advantage, e.g., grabbing ropes to kick or knee his opponent, etc.
10.1.9 The referee shall not engage in any action which may jeopardize the boxers who may gain or lose advantages, e.g. a fast - slow counting, warning or not warning, etc.
10.1.10 When the bout is over, the referee must collect the score cards from the three judges. The referee will point to the winner’s corner according to majority decision. He, then, will raise the winner’s hand. After that he will hand all score cards to Chairman of the ring official for inspection.
10.1.11 The referee shall neither criticize nor give an interview about the future fight results or the past fight results unless he gets permission from Chairman of the ring officials.

10.2 The Referee’s power:
The referee has power:
10.2.1 To stop the contest when seeing that one boxer out classes the other or he out-points one-sidedly.
10.2.2 To stop the contest when seeing that the boxer is too seriously injured to continue the bout. He may consult the ring doctor and the referee must follow the doctor’s suggestion after their consultation.
10.2.3 To stop the contest when seeing that the boxers intentionally hold the fight. In this case, either boxer or both may be disqualified.
10.2.4 To stop counting when seeing that if he continues the count, the boxer may be in danger.
10.2.5 To stop count when the opponent does not go to the furthest neutral corner or he comes out from the neutral comer before the count is finished.
10.2.6 To stop the action to warn or caution the boxer who violates rules or for other reasons in order to restore justice or to enforce rules.
10.2.7 To disqualify the boxer who ignores the referee’s commands or who harms the referee or who aggressively offends the referee.
10.2.8 To discharge from duty the second who disobeys rules. The referee may disqualify the boxer whose second disobeys the referee’s orders.
10.2.9 For the boxer who severely violates rules, the referee has power to disqualify him or he may declare the bout of “ no decision” after warning or cautioning, or even without any previous warning or cautioning.
10.2.10 To caution the boxer who violates the rules, the referee must stop the action before he clearly cautions the offended boxer in order that the boxer understands the cause and objective of the caution. The referee must show a hand signal, pointing to the boxer to inform all judges that there is a caution. The referee must disqualify the boxer who has been given three cautions or declare “no decision.” If it is a serious offense, the referee may disqualify him even though there is no previous caution.
10.2.11 Warning: The referee may warn a boxer. Warning is a procedure to inform the boxer that he must be careful. It may prevent the boxer from making a mistake which is against the rules.
10.2.12 Counting procedure for boxers outside the stage: When a boxer has been attacked by his opponent’s legal
weapons, and as a result, the boxer falls off outside the stage, the referee must order his opponent to go to the furthest neutral corner. If the boxer out side the stage is too slow to get into the stage, the referee shall count immediately. For the boxer falling outside the ring, the referee shall count to“??????” or Yisip or twenty (20). When a boxer or both falls off outside the ring, the referee shall count to “??????” (20). If the boxer manages to get into the ring before the count of twenty, the bout will continue and the boxer loses no point. When a boxer falls off outside the ring, the referee shall stop counting if the boxer is obstructed or delayed to go up into the ring by any person. The referee shall clearly warn the offender and continues the count If the offender disobeys, the referee shall stop the bout and informs the Chairman of the ring officials. When both boxers fall off outside the ring, the referee shall count. If either boxer tries to delay the action, the referee shall stop counting and clearly warns the offender. After that, the referee will continue the count. If the offender disobeys, the referee shall disqualify that boxer to lose the fight or of “no decision”. If both boxers fall off outside the ring, the referee shall count. When a boxer is able to get back into the ring before the count of twenty, the referee shall declare that boxer the winner. However, if both boxers cannot get back into the ring before the bout of “??????” or twenty, the referee shall declare a draw.

10.2.13 To interpret rules on implementing those by fact or to decide or to act upon any situations not provided in the rules.

Rule 11 :: Judges.

Judges must dress as same as the referees. They may wear eyeglasses when performing their duties. The judge’s duties are as follow:

11.1 Each judge must sit on each side of the ring with a distance from spectators. During the bout, the judges shall not speak with the boxers or other people. If necessary, they may speak with the referee during the resting interval of rounds to inform the referee that there have been some incidents, e.g. the second’s misconduct and loose ropes, etc.

11.2 Judges shall decide to score independently and accordingly to the rules. They must record scores in the score cards immediately after each round. They must add up the scores of both boxers for each round. They must identify the winner and sign the score cards before handing them to the referee.

11.3 Judges shall not leave their seats until the referee declares the contest result.

11.4 Judges shall neither criticize nor give an interview about the future fight results or the past fight results unless they get permission from the Chairman of the ring officials

Rule 12 :: Chairman of the Ring Officials.

12.1 Chairman of the ring officials has duties as follows:
12.1.1 To assign referees and judges for duties in the competition program.
12.1.2 To control the performance of referees and judges as rule provisions.
12.1.3 To examine performance of the referees and judges. If any referee
or judge performs his duty incorrectly or ineffectively, Chairman of the ring officials shall report his examination to the boxing stadium manager.
12.1.4 To solve competition problems and he shall repot the incidents to the boxing stadium manager.
12.1.5 To give advice to the referee and judges on any decision-making matters.
12.1.6 To check all score cards for the correction of score summation, boxer’s names, identification f the winner and the judge’s signatures in the score cards. After his inspection, he notifies the ring announcer about the fight result to announce it for spectators.
12.1.7 To notify the boxing stadium manager that he shall report Board of Boxing Sport for punishment considerations in case the boxer intentionally and severely violates the rules which is contradictory with ethics and sportsmanship.
12.1.8 In case there is an unusual incident from which the referee and judges are unable to work, Chairman of the ring officials shall act immediately, by all means, to continue the contest.

12.2 Chairman of the ring officials has the following power:
Chairman of the ring officials may overrule the referee and judges by reversing the decision of the referee and judges only for the following cases:
12.2.1 When the referee’s performance and decision are contradictory with rules.
12.2.2 When the judges have incorrectly added up scores resulting in a different decision from factual evidence.

Rule 13 :: Timekeepers and Announcer.

13.1 The timekeeper’s duties: To keep the number of rounds and fighting time for each round, resting interval time between round, and time of time-outs.
13.1.1 To signal for the beginning and the ending of round by striking the bell.
13.1.2 To signal for five (5) seconds before beginning each round to clear the stage.
13.1.3 To deduct the time of interruptions or the time stopped by the referee’s order.
13.1.4 To keep correct time at all times by a stopwatch or clock.
13.1.5 The timekeeper shall not give the bell signal while the referee is counting even though the fighting time of that round expires. The timekeeper will strike the bell when the referee orders “??”.

13.2 The announcer’s duties are as follows:
13.2.1 To announce names, boxing camps, corners and weights of both boxers for spectators when the boxers show up in the ring.
13.2.2 To announce that the seconds have to leave the ring when they hear the warning signal from the timekeeper.
13.2.3 To announce the beginning and ending of each contesting round.
13.2.4 To announce the scores of both boxers and identify the winner following the decision.

Rule 14 :: Decisions.

14.1 Winning by points When the bout ends, the boxer who gets the judge’s majority decision wins the contest.

14.2 Winning by Knockout (KO) If the boxer is Knocked down as a “fall” and he cannot continue the fight for ten (10) seconds, his opponent will win by Knockout.

14.3 Winning by Technical Knockout (TKO) A boxer wins the contest by technical Knockout on conditions as follows:
14.3.1 When a boxer outclasses his opponent very clearly or he on-sidedly out-points his opponent in such conditions that his opponent may be seriously injured.
14.3.2 When his opponent cannot continue the contest immediately after the resting interval of a round.
14.3.3 When his opponent is so seriously injured that he cannot continue the contest.
14.3.4 when his opponent has been counted for more than two (2) times (3 times) in one round or more than four (4) times (5 times) all through the span of contest since the first round.
14.3.5 When his opponent has fallen out off the ring and he cannot get back into the ring after the referee has counted “?????” (YISIP) or twenty (20).
14.3.6 When his opponent willfully withdraws from the contest because of injury or other causes.

14.4 Winning by Disqualification of Opponent. A boxer wins the contest because his opponent severely violates the rules for which the referee disqualifies him whether or not there has been any warning or cautioning beforehand.

14.5 Winning by Walkover. In case a boxer does not pass the ring doctor’s physical examination, or he does not make the division weight-in, or he does not show up to compete as scheduled, his opponent will win by a walkover.

14.6 A Draw Decision A contest will be decided as a draw on the following conditions:
14.6.1 The majority decision is even as a draw.
14.6.2 When both boxers are Knocked down as a fall and they have been counted out of “???” (SIP) or ten (10).
14.6.3 When both boxers have fallen out off the ring and they have been counted out of “??????” or twenty (20).
14.6.4 When both boxers are so seriously injured that they cannot continue.

14.7 No decision.
When the referee considers that either boxer or both “fight dishonorably, ” he declares that “ There is no decision for this bout as the red corner/ blue corner/ or both boxers fight dishonorably.” 14.8 Decision of No contest.
In case the boxers intentionally hold the fight and they have been warned and cautioned by the referee, but they still keep on holding the fight, the referee shall stop the contest and he shall declare “No contest for this bout.”

14.9 Cancellation of Contest.
In case of the ring damage, a riot from spectators, or an unexpected situation causing it impossible to continue the contest, the referee shall cancel the contest and declares “ Cancellation of contest.”

Rule 15 :: Scoring Procedure.

It must be done as the following criteria:
15.1 When the boxer uses his fists, feet, knees, and elbows as Muay Thai fighting weapons to attack his opponent powerfully, accurately, unprotectedly, and accordingly to the rules.
15.1.1 The boxer with more attacks on his opponent by Muay Thai fighting weapons wins the round.
15.1.2 The boxer with more heavy, powerful, and clear attacks on his opponent by Muay Thai fighting weapons wins the round.
15.1.3 The boxer who can do more damage to his opponent by Muay Thai fighting weapons wins the round.
15.1.4 The boxer who shows more offensive and aggressive attacks wins the round.
15.1.5 The boxer who shows better offensive skills, defensive skills, elusive skills, or counterattacking skills by Muay Thai arts and techniques wins the round.
15.1.6 The boxer who violates the rules less wins the round.

15.2.2 The scoreless criteria are as follows: The boxer violates any rule when using his Muay Thai fighting weapons. Those Muay Thai fighting weapons attack the opponent’s am(s) or leg (s) as his self defense techniques. The attack is light, without power from body weight behind it. The boxer kicks his opponent on target, but his kicking leg is caught by his opponent to throw him down on the ring floor; the kicker scores a point. However, if the kicker with his kicking leg caught by opponent pretends to fall down on the ring floor, he is considered guilty of violation the rules. In this case, no boxer scores a point. Throwing the opponent down on the ring floor without using any Muay Thai fighting weapons.

15.2 Scoring systems for the contest:
15.2.1 Full ten (10) points are given to the winner of the round and his opponent may be given 9 – 8 - 7 points in proportion. However, the point is not given in fraction (10:9 – 8 – 7).
15.2.2 For an even round, both boxers score full ten (10) points (10 : 10).
15.2.3 The winner scores ten (10) points and the lose scores nine (9) points (10 :9).
15.2.4 The clear winner of a round scores ten (10) points and the loser scores
eight (8) points (10 :8)
15.2.5 The winner of a round with his opponent having been counted once in that round scores ten (10) points and the scores eight (8) points (10:8)
15.2.6 The clear winner of a round with his opponent having been counted once in that round scores ten (10) points and the loser scores seven (7) points (10:7).
15.2.7 The winner of a round with his opponent having been counted twice in that round scores ten (10) points an the loser scores seven (7) points (10:7).
15.2.8 The boxer who has been cautioned must not get full ten points in that round. The referee’s caution can cost one (1) point each.

Rule 16 :: Violation of Rules.

The boxer who intentionally behaves in the following manners is considered violating the rules.

16.1 Biting, eye poking, spitting on the opponent, sticking out tongue to make faces, head butting or striking.

16.2 Throwing, back beaking, locking the opponent’s arms, using Judo and wrestling techniques.

16.3 Falling over o going after the falling down or getting up opponent.

16.4 Rope grabbing to fight or for other purposes.

16.5 Using provocative manners and words during contest.

16.6 Disobeying the referee’s orders.

16.7 Striking at the opponent’s protective cup or groin area e.g. neck holding for knee striking at the protective cup, straight knee striking at the protective cup or jumping knee striking at the protective cup. For these violations, the referee has the right to allow a resting time-out not more than five (5) minutes for the boxer whose protective cup is struck by knee, if the knee-struck boxer refuses to continue, the referee shall declare him as the loser or “no decision.”

16.8 Catching the opponent’s leg and pushing forwards more than two (2) steps without using any weapons. The referee shall order him to stop and gives him a warning. After two warnings, the referee shall caution him.

16.9 After kicking with his kicking leg being caught, the boxer pretends to throw himself down on ring floor. It is considered taking advantage over his opponent. The referee shall give him a warning. If the boxer repeats the action and the referee has given him two warnings, the referee shall caution him.

16.10 When both boxers fall out off the ring and either boxer tries to delay the action.

16.11 Using forbidden substances as specified by Board of Boxing Sport.

16.12 violating one of the Rules.

Rule 17 :: Knockdown or Fall.

17.1. A “Knockdown (fall)” means a situation when a boxer is attacked by his opponent’s fist, foot knee, or elbow and it Knocks him down as the following criteria:

17.1.1 Any part of his body, except feet, touches the ring floor.
17.1.2 He stands helplessly over the ring ropes, or he leans on the ring ropes, or he sits on the ring ropes.
17.1.3 Any part of his body or his whole body is out-offing the stage.
17.1.4 After serious blows, he manages to withstand them without a fall, but in condition that he cannot defend himself.

17.2 Procedure for a Knockdown:
17.2.1 In case a boxer is attacked and he is Knocked down, the referee shall count and at the same time he orders the opponent to go to the furthest neutral corner immediately. If the opponent disobeys his order, the referee must stop counting until that boxer goes to the furthest neutral corner. By then, he will continue to count the number next to the last counted one. When the Knocked down boxer stands up and ready to continue, the referee then orders “??”.
17.2.2 In case the Knocked down boxer manages to stand up before he referee counts out of “???” (SIP) or ten (10) and ready to continue, but his count is not yet “???” (PAD) or eight (8), the referee must continue counting until “???” (8) before he orders “??” to continue the bout.
17.2.3 If the Knocked down boxer is ready to continue before the count of “???” or ten (10), but he falls down again without any additional attacks, the referee shall continue to count the number next to the last counted one.
17.2.4 In case the referee has counted out of “???” or ten (10), it shall be considered that the contest is over and the referee shall declare that the Knocked down boxer loses the bout by “Knockout.”
17.2.5 In case both boxers fall down simultaneously, the referee shall keep on counting as long as there is sill one boxer down on the ring floor. If both boxers cannot manage to stand up until they are counted out of “???” or ten (10), the referee shall declare a “draw.” In case both down boxers have their arms or legs tangled or one boxer is on top of the other, but trying to stand up, the referee must stop the count and separate them. After that he continues his count if there is still one boxer down on the ring floor.
17.2.6 In case of a Knockdown, the referee must wait for one (1) second to pass by before he begins counting loudly from one to ten with one-second interval. Along with his counting action, the referee must show a hand signal for each second in order for that boxer to recognize the count.
17.2.7 In case there is one boxer not ready to continue the bout immediately after the resting interval between rounds, the referee must cont unless due to improper dressing or the ring floor and stage not in good condition for the contest.

Rule 18 :: Handshakes.

The boxers shall shake hands before beginning of the first round contest and before beginning of the final round contest symbolizing that they will compete in the spirit of sportsmanship and accordance with rules.

Rule 19 :: Ring Doctor.

The ring doctor’s duties: The ring doctor must be present at a designated seat through out the competition until the last bout end. The following are also the ring doctor’s duties.

19.1 To check the boxer’s physical examination before the weigh-in to certify that the boxers are physically fit and healthy, without any prohibited disease or sickness as specified in the doctor’s handbook by Board of Boxing Sport.

19.2 To give advice and suggestion to the referee on request.

19.3 To assist an unconscious boxer caused by fighting. Only the ring doctor is permitted to enter the ring. Other individuals may enter the ring if the ring doctor needs special help.

19.4 To lend medical assistance for a knocked-out or technical knocked-out boxer by thoroughly checking and immediate treatment.

19.5 To check and diagnose the boxers after their bouts to notify them their recovery periods before the next bout as the following regulations:
19.5.1 After a five-round bout, the boxers must rest before the next bout at lest twenty-one (21) days.
19.5.2 The winner in one round must rest at least seven (7) days.
19.5.3 The winner in three rounds must rest at least fourteen (14) days.
19.5.4 The loser by knockout or technical knockout must rest at least thirty (30) days. In case losing by knockout or technical knockout because of two (2) consecutive head blows, the boxer must rest at least ninety (90) days and he must be certified by the doctor to be able to compete.

Rule 20 :: Drug or Prohibited Substances.

20.1 It is prohibited to let the boxer use any drugs or chemical substances which are not the boxer’s usual consuming food.

20.2 It is possible to use substance for local anesthesia, but only by the ring doctor’s approval.

20.3 The prohibited substances for boxes are categorized in accordance with Board of Boxing Sport regulations.

20.4 The boxer who uses a prohibited substance or the person who gives the boxer a prohibited substance to take or use must be penalized by laws.

20.5 A boxer or an official who violates regulations of drugs or prohibited substances must be penalized and prohibited from any bout or participation in any boxing activities.

20.6 Any boxer who refuses to have medical check up after the bout violates this rule. That boxer will be prohibited from any bout. Besides, the official who encourages the boxer to commit that guilt will be prohibited from any boxing competitions, as well.

Rule 21 :: Interpretation.

In case there are any problems in competitions or because of the competitions, not provided by rules, the referee or the Chairman of the ring officials shall decide as final.

Source : Sport Authority Of Thailand

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